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Bio-Diversity Statictics of Sikkim

Geographical Area 7096 sq.km.
Capital Gangtok
No. of Districts 4
No. of Sub-Divisions 9
Climate Tropical, Temperate and Alpine
State FlowerNobile Orchid- Dendrobium nobile
State Tree Rhododendron niveum
State Animal Red Panda – Ailurus fulgens
State Bird Blood Pheasant – Ithaginis cruentus
Protected Area Network 2183.10 sq.km (30.77%)
No. of important Mountains & Peaks 28
No. of Glaciers 84
No. of Lakes (Wetlands) 227
No. of Hot Springs 9
No. of Rivers & Streams 104
Major Rivers of the State Teesta and Rangit
No. of Species: Flowering Plants – 500
Mammals – 144
Rhododendron – 36
Birds – 552
Orchids – 550
Reptiles – 33
Conifers – 16
Amphibians – 16
Ferns & allies – 362
Fishes – 48
Tree Ferns – 9
Butterflies – 650
Bamboos – 28
Oaks – 11
Medicinal Plants – 424
Recorded Forest Area 5841.39 sq.km. (82.32%)
Reserve Forests 5452.39 sq.km.
Protected Forests (Khasmal) 285 sq.km.
Protected Forests (Goucharan) 104 sq.km.
Forest Land with Tree Cover 3377 sq.km. (47.59%)
Forest Cover 3357 sq.km. (47.31%)
Tree Cover 20 sq.km. (0.28%)
Forest Cover - Very Dense Forest 500 sq.km.
Moderately Dense Forest 2161 sq.km.
Open Forest 696 sq.km.
Scrub 356 sq.km


Date Published: 2016-02-23

























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